September 1, 2023

Ethical Non-Monogamy: Is It Right for You?

The landscape of relationships is expanding beyond traditional norms at an accelerating pace. It has become increasingly possible for you and your partner to consider and experiment with new relationship dynamics. By exploring alternatives to monogamy (the relationship agreement that sexual and romantic behavior is only shared with one partner at a time), individuals and couples can create relationships that better align with their needs, desires, and values. One such alternative is ethical non-monogamy (ENM).

   Ethical non-monogamy, also known as consensual non-monogamy, is a relationship structure that allows partners to engage in and/or pursue romantic or sexual behavior with multiple people at the same time, with the full knowledge and consent of all parties involved. It challenges the notion that sexual and romantic exclusivity is the only valid or viable option for committed romantic partnerships–emphasizing open communication, honesty, and mutual consent.

   In this article, we provide an in-depth exploration of ethical non-monogamy and help you determine if it’s a good fit for you or your relationship. We will delve into different types of ethical non-monogamous relationships, discuss their defining characteristics, and provide insights into the challenges and benefits they may present. 

Types of ENM Relationships

Casual Dating

   Casual dating involves engaging in non-exclusive and non-committed connections with multiple individuals. It is characterized by a more relaxed and informal approach to dating, where individuals explore romantic or sexual connections without the expectation of exclusivity or long-term commitment. It can allow for a broader range of experiences and interactions with various people.

Emphasizing personal growth and exploration: Casual dating is often associated with the desire for independence, personal growth, and self-discovery. It can provide an opportunity to explore different types of relationships, learn more about one’s own preferences, and expand social and emotional horizons. It can be a space for individuals to discover what they truly desire in a romantic or sexual partnership, as well as to explore their own boundaries and desires.

Setting clear expectations and boundaries: Without inherent exclusivity or commitment, it is especially helpful to establish and communicate personal boundaries and desires with each partner. This includes agreeing upon levels of emotional involvement, frequency of interactions, and communication. By setting clear boundaries and having open conversations, individuals can navigate casual dating with transparency and respect.

For more general tips on talking about the status and future of your relationship, click here.

Open Relationships

   Open relationships are a form of ethical non-monogamy that allows individuals in a committed partnership to engage in sexual (although not necessarily romantic) exploration and experiences with other people outside of their primary relationship. Ideally, the primary partnership remains the central foundation, but there is an understanding and acceptance that sexual encounters with others can occur.

Boundaries, rules, and consent: Open relationships thrive on clear boundaries, rules, and consent between partners. This involves open and honest communication about what is acceptable within the relationship, including guidelines for engaging with others. Partners may establish rules such as using protection, informing each other about outside interactions, or setting limits on the frequency or nature of encounters. Regular discussions and ongoing consent are crucial to maintain trust and ensure the emotional well-being of all involved.


   Swinging is a form of ethical non-monogamy that involves consensual partner swapping or engaging in group sexual activities. Swingers may attend events where they can meet and interact with other couples or individuals interested in non-monogamous experiences. It focuses on shared sexual exploration and pleasure within a consensual and respectful environment.

Establishing rules and boundaries for sexual encounters: Swinging relationships thrive on clear rules and boundaries established by all parties involved. Couples or individuals in the swinging community often have discussions to establish guidelines regarding the types of activities they are comfortable with, the level of involvement desired, and any specific limitations or preferences. These rules and boundaries help ensure that everyone’s comfort levels are respected and that experiences are enjoyable for all participants.

Being Monogamish

   Being “monogamish” refers to a relationship dynamic that falls on the spectrum between monogamy and non-monogamy. It involves a largely exclusive partnership where both individuals may be open to occasional non-monogamous experiences or have agreed-upon allowances for exploring connections outside the relationship. Being monogamish allows for a level of flexibility and openness while still maintaining the central commitment to the primary partnership.

Negotiating boundaries and expectations: Negotiating boundaries and expectations is an essential part of being monogamish. Partners must have ongoing discussions about what is permissible and what is not, ensuring that both individuals feel comfortable and respected within the agreed-upon arrangement. This may include discussing limits on emotional involvement, specific rules for engaging with others, or guidelines for communication and disclosure. Regular check-ins and open dialogue can help maintain trust and ensure that the boundaries set are still meeting the needs of both partners.


   Polyamory is a form of ethical non-monogamy characterized by the practice of having multiple romantic or emotional relationships simultaneously, with the knowledge and consent of all involved. It goes beyond casual or purely sexual encounters and focuses on fostering deep emotional connections with multiple partners. Polyamory is based on principles such as open communication, honesty, and the belief that love and affection are not limited resources.

Nurturing emotional connections: Partners in polyamory strive to foster deep emotional connections with each other, similar to those found in traditional monogamous relationships. This involves active communication, vulnerability, and investing time and effort to build and maintain emotional bonds with multiple partners.

Managing jealousy and communication: Like any relationship, polyamory may bring up feelings of jealousy or insecurity. Effective communication skills, such as expressing needs and concerns, actively listening, and practicing empathy, play a vital role in navigating jealousy and maintaining healthy relationships. Establishing clear (but reasonable) boundaries, discussing expectations, and providing reassurance can also help to reduce jealousy within polyamorous relationships.


   Polygamy is a type of ethical non-monogamy that involves having multiple spouses at the same time. This can appear in different forms, including polygyny (one man having multiple wives) or polyandry (one woman having multiple husbands). 

Cultural and religious aspects: Polygamy has historical and cultural roots in various societies around the world. It is often associated with specific religious or cultural traditions, such as certain sects of Islam, Mormonism, or indigenous cultures. In these contexts, polygamy may be viewed as a religious or spiritual practice, a way to strengthen family and community ties, or a means to address practical or societal needs.

Legal considerations and challenges: Polygamy poses legal challenges in many jurisdictions. In countries where it is not legally recognized, having multiple spouses may be illegal or subject to criminal sanctions. In places where it is legally recognized, there may be specific regulations and requirements regarding marriage licenses, inheritance rights, and benefits. Legal complexities often arise regarding marital rights, custody arrangements, and financial obligations.


   Polyfidelity is a form of ethical non-monogamy that involves the establishment of exclusive multiple-partner relationships. Unlike other forms of non-monogamy where individuals may have relationships with multiple partners, polyfidelity emphasizes committed and exclusive bonds within a limited group. It usually consists of three or more individuals who are committed to each other emotionally, romantically, and sexually. The goal is usually to create a deep sense of connection, trust, and commitment among all members, fostering a sense of family or chosen kinship.

Balancing emotional intimacy and autonomy: Polyfidelity involves navigating the delicate balance between emotional intimacy and individual autonomy. While there is a commitment to the group, each individual still maintains their own personal autonomy and may have their own unique connections and dynamics within the polyfidelity structure. Communication, negotiation, and establishing clear boundaries are vital to ensure that everyone’s emotional needs are met while respecting each person’s individuality.

Deciding If Ethical Non-Monogamy is Right for You

Considering personal values and relationship goals

   Evaluate your personal values and relationship goals to determine if ethical non-monogamy aligns with what you want for yourself and your partnerships. Consider factors such as emotional intimacy, commitment, autonomy, and the types of connections you seek. It is important that all individuals involved share compatible values and have a shared vision for the relationship(s) moving forward.

Open and honest communication with your partner(s)

   Ethical non-monogamy requires open and honest communication with your partner(s). Initiate conversations about your thoughts and feelings regarding non-monogamy, expressing your desires, concerns, and expectations. It is essential to create a safe space where all parties involved can express their emotions and actively listen to one another. 

Getting support

   If you are unsure about whether ethical non-monogamy is right for your relationship or if you encounter difficulties along the way, consider seeking support or guidance. OurRelationship offers free programs that are designed to help you and your partner with problems in your relationship. They can help you and your partner learn how to better communicate so you may discuss your issues without judgment.


   Exploring different relationship dynamics can be a transformative journey that leads to personal growth and a deeper understanding of oneself and others. Ethical non-monogamy encourages us to create relationships that align with our authentic selves. Remember to consider your personal values, relationship goals, and individual capacities for emotional connections and that your journey towards finding the right relationship dynamic will be unique to you.

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